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分享一些搅拌车驾驶中的小技巧

来源:https://www.zishangliaojiaobanji.cn 日期:2022-07-01 发布人:zhongke
概述:自上料搅拌车工作原理是通过取力装置将汽车底盘的动力取出,并驱动液压系统的变量泵,把机械能转化为液压能传给定量马达,马达再驱动减速机
自上料搅拌车工作原理是通过取力装置将汽车底盘的动力取出,并驱动液压系统的变量泵,把机械能转化为液压能传给定量马达,马达再驱动减速机,由减速机驱动搅拌装置,对混凝土进行搅拌。下面为大家分享一些搅拌车驾驶中的小技巧,让朋友能够对它的认知更多一些。
The working principle of the self loading mixer is to take out the power of the car chassis through the power take-off device, drive the variable pump of the hydraulic system, convert the mechanical energy into hydraulic energy and transmit it to the quantitative motor. The motor then drives the reducer, and the reducer drives the mixing device to mix the concrete. Now let's share some tips for driving a mixer truck, so that friends can know more about it.
1、搅拌车在保送车拌制混凝土时,往拌筒中装料时,通常将冲击较小的混合料先装,拌动拌筒操作手柄时,动作切忌过快过猛。
1. When the mixer truck is mixing concrete with the escort truck, when loading into the mixing drum, the mixture with small impact is usually loaded first. When mixing the operating handle of the mixing drum, the action must not be too fast or too fierce.
2、搅拌车倒车前先调查好地形,在停车的处所,开已往的时候就要留意先看好空位的周边是不是有障碍物。
2. Before reversing the mixer, investigate the terrain first. When driving in the parking place, pay attention to whether there are obstacles around the empty space.
3、泊车倒车时,往后倒得越多,往前上时上得越多,越容易把车停好,尤其是间隔偏小的车位更要这样操纵,否则大概基础停不进去。这一条新手要小心,中级车手提高技能可用。
3. When parking and reversing, the more you fall back and the more you climb forward, the easier it is to park your car, especially in parking spaces with small intervals, otherwise you may not be able to park. Beginners should be careful about this. Intermediate drivers can improve their skills.
4、搅拌车在空载运行及运送混凝土过程中,搅拌筒不得停止转动以免滚道、滚轮局部碰损或混凝土产生离析现象。
4. During the no-load operation of the mixer truck and the transportation of concrete, the mixing drum shall not stop rotating, so as to avoid local damage of the raceway and rollers or segregation of concrete.
搅拌车装料前,应先排净拌筒内残存的积水和杂物,在运输过程中要不停的转动,以防混凝土离析,混凝土搅拌运输车到达工地和卸料之前。应先使拌筒全速以14-18转/分转动1-2分钟,然后再进行反转卸料,反转之前,应使搅拌筒停稳不转。
Before loading the mixer truck, the remaining water and debris in the mixing drum should be drained first, and it should be rotated continuously during the transportation process to prevent concrete segregation. Before the concrete mixer truck arrives at the construction site and discharges. The mixing drum should be rotated at full speed at 14-18 rpm for 1-2 minutes before reverse unloading. Before reverse, the mixing drum should be stopped.
自上料搅拌车
液压系统压力应符合使用说明书中的规定。不得随意调整,液压油的油质和油量应符合原定要求。环境温度高于+25摄氏度,从装料、运输、到卸料延续时间不得超过60分钟。环境温度低于+25摄氏度,上述时间不得超过90分钟。
The pressure of the hydraulic system shall comply with the provisions in the operating instructions. It is not allowed to adjust at will. The oil quality and quantity of hydraulic oil should meet the original requirements. When the ambient temperature is higher than +25 ℃, the duration from loading, transportation to unloading shall not exceed 60 minutes. If the ambient temperature is lower than +25 ℃, the above time shall not exceed 90 minutes.
冬期施工时,应切实做到:开机前检查是否结冰,下班时认真排除拌筒内及供水系统内残存积水。关闭水泵开关,将控制手柄置于“停止”位置。在施工现场卸料完毕后。
During winter construction, it is necessary to check whether it is frozen before starting the machine, and carefully remove the residual water in the mixing drum and the water supply system after work. Turn off the water pump switch and place the control handle in the "stop" position. After unloading at the construction site.
自上料搅拌车主要由混凝土搅拌运输专用装置和汽车底盘组成。我国生产的自上料搅拌车的底盘多采用二类通用底盘。它的专用机构主要包括搅拌筒前后支架、取力器、液压系统、减速机、操纵机构、搅拌筒、清洗系统等。
The self loading mixer is mainly composed of a special device for concrete mixing and transportation and an automobile chassis. The chassis of self loading mixer truck produced in China mostly adopts class II general chassis. Its special mechanism mainly includes the front and rear supports of the mixing drum, power take-off, hydraulic system, reducer, control mechanism, mixing drum, cleaning system, etc.
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